The beads have been available in "Dark Continent" for centuries. The oldest beads made of ostrich eggshells found in Sudan were produced 12,000 years ago.
During my stay among Turkana in Kenya I had filmed women making these disk - shaped beads. The art of oldests adornment which has survived until now.
Beaded royal crowns in Nigeria were always very revered objects. The crownmakers were real masters of beadworks. The crowns in shape of a wool winter cap were never made according free patterns and an artist's visions.
Yoruba or Mama crowns show full royal symbolism. The colours of beads and a bird at the crown's summit create the supernatural link and a mystic bridge to the devine ancestor's world.